Retrieving Mankind’s Lost Heritage (4C)

Part 1, Part 2, Part 3Part 4, Part 5, Part 6


4-A: Introduction
4-B: Complexity of the Natural World – Evidence of Supernatural Designer
4-C: Laws of Science
4-D: The Marvel of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) Structures
Monkey-to-Man Evolution? Missing Evidence of Missing Links
4-F: Micro Versus Macro Evolution
4-G: The Problem with Darwinism
4-H: In Summary, What Does Science Tell Us about Evolution Theory?

4-C: Laws of Science

What about Chemical Evolution?
  • Can life emerge from non-life?

If it did, it would have to contradict an important law of science,

The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

The Laws of Thermodynamics 

First Law: (also known as the Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy)

           “In any process, energy can be changed from one form to another (including heat and work), but it is never created or destroyed.”

 – Rudolf Clausius, German physicist

Second Law: (also known as Entropy)

           Although the total amount of energy remains the same, there is always a tendency for it to become less available for useful work. 

Or as famed scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov, put it,

“The universe is constantly getting more disorderly.”

From that point of view we can see the second law all about us. It takes effort and work to straighten a room, but left to itself it becomes a mess again very quickly. Even if we never enter it, it becomes dusty and musty.

How difficult it is to maintain houses, and machinery, and our own bodies in decent working order, but how easy to let them deteriorate. In fact, all we have to do is nothing, and everything deteriorates, collapses, breaks down, wears out, all by itself. And that is what the second law is all about.


        “Watches, batteries, and even people run down. Can their used-up energy be recovered? You may rewind a watch, recharge a battery, and rest and eat to ‘recharge’ yourself, but none of these processes recover the original energy. If we consider all the natural processes in the universe, we can see that all of nature is running down.
        “The fact that the universe is running down implies that it must have been ‘wound up’ sometime in the past.
        “No one has ever found a single exception to the 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics.
        “Both Laws present serious problems for the theory of evolution. For example, the 2nd Law refutes the evolutionary idea that matter organized itself from disorder and chaos into order and complexity.”
        (from The Physical World – An Introduction to Physical Science, pg 375, Bob Jones University Press)

What about the Miller-Urey experiment (1953)?

        Their experiment produced amino acids, the building blocks for protein and DNA molecules. Does that prove life can evolve from non-life (abiogenesis)?

 See Video Clip  of Miller-Urey experiment

Food for thought: You could go into an auto parts store and buy every single part needed to construct a car, but without an assembler, no car

        Could the human cell assemble itself? The cell is just as complex as a car. Without an Assembler those amino acids could not even form proteins, DNA, etc., much less produce a living cell.


  •        Although amino acids are the “building blocks” of living organisms, amino acids themselves are not “alive”.
  •         Dr. Charles McCombs: 
    • “As a Ph.D. Organic Chemist, I have to admit that the formation of amino acids under these conditions is fascinating, but there is a major problem. Life was never formed in that experiment [Miller-Urey’s]. The product was amino acids, which are normal everyday chemicals that do not “live.” Even unto this day, there is no known process that has ever converted amino acids into a life form…”
  •        No experiment has ever been able to convert amino acids into a life form. Natural or random processes cannot bridge the gap between non-living chemicals and living organisms. (That’s God’s job.)
  •        Even the simplest life forms are extraordinarily complex. It would contradict the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics for molecules to organize themselves in this manner.
  •          A phenomenon known as “chirality” guarantees that amino acids can never produce proteins or DNA molecules by any natural process. For more information on this, see the article “Evolution Hopes You don’t Know Chemistry: The Problem with Chirality” at

See VIDEO CLIP: “Evidence of Biological Machines” 

Continue to 4-D: The Marvel of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) Structures

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