A Previous “End of the Age”?

This website contains several posts on the subject of the End of the Age. Probably, in the minds of most people, “End of the Age” sounds like some kind of crackpot delusion. Indeed, throughout history each generation has witnessed those who thought theirs would see the “end of the age”. Then later, when nothing happened on the predicted date of doom, they had to make an awkward climb-down to explain how things didn’t pan out the way they were supposed to. So it is not without reason to feel skeptical to hear teachings nowadays about the End of the Age.

That such a monumental event could ever happen – the End of the Age – truly is difficult to believe, or even to imagine. But maybe a little science will help. And even if we don’t want to believe it will happen any time soon, maybe we can at least consider the question, did Earth ever experience a great cataclysm in the past? Was there ever a previous “End of the Age”?

As far as the scientific aspect is concerned, there is plenty of evidence to support the account of such a cataclysm – the Great Flood – the one spoken of in the Book of Genesis, chapters 6-9. Following are three of the major scientific evidences (from Post 2A of the series Retrieving Our Lost Heritage):

1) Evidence of Sedimentary Rock Formations

Nice, neat layers of rock formed through the action of the Flood waters on the Earth’s primeval soil. Such a formation, without any signs of plant growth or erosion between layers, could not possibly have come about by successive laying down of sediments with layers separated by thousands, or hundreds of thousands of years. Such rock formations formed rapidly.

Sedimentary rock strata exist all over the surface of the earth and were formed by water action. Water, especially in floods, washes away loose soil and dirt, dissolved chemicals, and sometimes even boulder-sized fragments. These are called sediments. Often they’re mixed with remains of living organisms (which can turn into fossils later on). 

If modern floods can cause so much erosion, think how much took place during the great worldwide Flood of old

The waters carry the sediments off and dump them elsewhere. As time goes on, the soft, muddy sediments harden and may end up looking like the rock layers in these pictures.

flood sedimentThis much sediment from a flood in Himachal Pradesh, India – June, 2013

To understand what happens in this sedimentation process, just  scoop up some dirt from the backyard and place it in a glass jar; add some water, swish it around, and watch the dirt settle into nice, neat layers. Now just imagine the same thing happening on a huge, gigantic scale. The rampaging waters created by such a great Flood would tear off the soil (and vegetation) and re-settle it into nice, even layers.

A similar thing can happen with tidal action; incoming tides deposit layer after layer of sand and silt. Sometimes you can see this sort of layered formation on the beach after a monsoon season. It may also happen in some cases by the action of repeated flooding.

The kind of sedimentary rock formations that we commonly see in the earth today were not the result of several local floods or tides taking place over millions of years of time. They were formed quickly during the cataclysm of the Great Flood.

Long-term, gradual processes cannot explain how the rock strata are laid out so evenly without any signs of erosion or plant growth between the layers. The sheer size of the rock layers, and their existence in every corner of the earth, provide telltale signs of the enormous scale of the flooding that occurred, something that could only be characteristic of a worldwide flood.

Boundaries between layers are clean. No signs of erosion or plant growth.

This was an event well known to those who dwelt in ancient times. But unfortunately, our modern society has all but forgotten this grand and sacred heritage that was passed down to us through the ages… and having abandoned that heritage, the academic and scientific world has been left to grope around in vain with unsatisfactory, and for the most part imaginary, theories about our origins.

Sedimentary Rock Strata Exposed, Hwy 416, Ottawa, Canada

Sedimentary rocks are found everywhere in the earth, which clues us in to how widespread the Flood was. We’ve all seen them; anytime you take a drive in the countryside you may notice these layered rocks, especially in roadbeds that have been cut through hilly terrain. Have you ever wondered , how did these rock strata get there? So remember, next time you see them, that you are actually viewing evidence of the Great Flood that once swept over the earth.

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2) Fossil Evidence of the Great Flood

The very presence of fossils of any kind proves that something very unusual happened in our Earth’s past PLESIOSAURgeological history. Normally, when an animal dies, its soft tissue quickly disappears and eventually, even its bones disintegrate if left exposed to the elements. So, in order for fossilization to occur, the following unusual conditions must be present:

Sudden death

Sudden burial

Sudden pressure

Only by means of catastrophic disturbance, such as happened during the Great Flood, could these animals’ remains have been buried quickly enough to have caused them to become preserved in fossil form. And where are most fossils found? In sedimentary (water-formed) rocks.

Conclusion: That answers the question of what happened to cause the extinction of the prehistoric animals: they perished in the Great Flood.

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At this point it is worth mentioning that, besides the rainfall coming from the sky, the groundwaters also welled up, flooding the earth, according to the Book of Genesis. “All the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of Heaven were opened.” (7:11) It is difficult for us now to understand exactly the geological workings of how all this happened. However, it should be safe to say that if “all the fountains of the great deep were broken up”, then there must have been a great deal of earthquake and volcanic activity at the time of the Flood. And therefore, great tidal waves would have gone crashing over the landscape.

One may wonder, how could Noah and the ark have survived such conditions? Well, certainly if the Almighty had the power to bring on the Flood, then it would have been a small matter for Him to protect the ark from some of the dangers that were abounding during that tumultuous year of the Flood.

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In Sioux county, Nebraska, on the south side of the Niobrara River, in Agate Springs Quarry, is a fossil bearing deposit… The state of the bones indicate a long and violent transportation before they reached their final resting place. “…The fossils are in such remarkable profusion, in places, as to form a veritable pavement of interlacing bones, very few of which are in their natural articulation with one another,” says R.S. Lull, director of the Peabody Museum at Yale, in his book on fossils.

AgateSpringsQuarry1

 There is no way of explaining an aggregation of fossils as a natural death retreat of animals of various genera the transportation was in a violent cataract of water, sand, and gravel, that left marks on the bones. Tens of thousands of animals were carried over an unknown distance, then smashed into a common grave.

The catastrophe was most likely ubiquitous [everywhere in the earth]… the very circumstances in which they are found bespeak a violent death at the hands of the elements, not slow extinction in a process of evolution.

(Adapted from Ooparts” website)

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Fossilized tree-trunk (7.6 meters high) discovered in Germany passing through several rock-strata. Similar phenomena have been found in many other places in the world.

In this open-cast mine in Germany several tree trunks had been fossilized. The trees pass through twenty feet and more of different sedimentary rock layers. Some places have trees fallen over, some at an angle, some straight up, all fossilized and extending through several layers of “strata” that, according to evolutionary geology, took millions of years to lay down. But the clear-cut evidence tells us that the sediment was deposited rapidly, as in a great flood. Otherwise we would have to believe that a dead tree stood for millions of years in the same place, exposed to the elements, and yet never rotted away while layers of sediment/rock strata were building up around it.

The sedimentary rock strata surrounding the trunks must have formed rapidly – more so because some are positioned upright. Rapid burial is one of the key conditions required in order for the process of fossilization to take place. So it makes much more sense to understand that these layers of sediment resulted from the turbulent action of the Great Flood waters upon the earth’s original surface. In crime-solving, whenever new “evidence” comes up, a sharp detective will, if he hopes to solve the mystery, revise his conclusions rather than rely on old theories that don’t properly account for the facts.

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And what about the layers of Diatoms found in the ocean floors? These are microscopic life forms (planktonic algae) that accumulate on the floor of bodies of water and are said to accumulate at the slow rate of one inch per 1,000 years as they die and float to the bottom. They use this accumulation to determine the age of things found according to the present rate of diatom accumulation. During the Flood, however, it was a very different story. In the interesting example here, an 80 foot whale was found standing on its tail completely surrounded by Diatom layers. A whale stood on its tail for millions of years while Diatoms died and built up around it? No. The waters of the Great Flood simply accelerated the rate of diatom accumulation by burying the whale quickly under a massive mixture of sediment and diatoms.

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3) Evidence of Geological Formations: The Grand Canyon

In the normal course of natural history, rivers can meander (make big loops) on broad, flat plains. The banks of the river are soft, and so the river can weave its way sideways quite a bit, but not downwards because of the solid bedrock underneath.

In this case however, the Colorado River not only cut sideways but also in a downwards direction to form the Grand Canyon. Why? At the tail end of the Flood, God caused great upheavals in the ocean floor (so that there would be some land surface again). During the resulting water runoff, great rivers were able to gouge deep gorges quickly into the soft, newly-laid sediments (as well as cut sideways).

   GCanyon4a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You can easily see the same thing (in miniature) on the beach after a storm or succession of high tides. Or even after a heavy rainstorm, go somewhere where there is soft mud or soil and where the rainwater has had to drain off through it, and you will probably see the Grand Canyon there in miniature. You don’t have to be a geologist to know how the Grand Canyon was formed. In fact, maybe it’s better if you aren’t.

minicanyon6a  Mini-canyon3a - Copy

  

 

 

 

Mini-Canyons Gouged Out by Rainwater Runoff

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        From what we’ve seen so for, there is much concrete evidence in favor of the belief that there was a great cataclysm in Earth’s past, which is known to us as the Great Flood. The evidence we’ve seen pokes gaping holes into the theory that Earth’s geologic history has been inching along millions of years without anything much happening – the occasional earthquake, local flood, or volcanic eruption, yes, but surely nothing as colossal as a great worldwide Flood. But as we’ve seen, the facts speak for themselves, and speak very loudly too, that a great global catastrophe, the Great Flood, did indeed occur.

       The rocks and fossils are screaming at us,

“The earth experienced a Great Flood in the past!”

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Re-Creation of the Earth

With all this evidence, it shouldn’t be difficult to believe that Earth’s geologic history saw the event of a monumental Flood long ago.

But to understand better the re-Creation of the earth at the time of the Flood, it should be mentioned that, besides the rainfall coming from above, also the ground-waters from below surged upwards, flooding the earth. In the Genesis Book Scripture quoted in the previous post, we read, “All the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.” And in the Quran, “The fountains of the earth gushed forth.”

Likely, this meant that, in order to flood the world completely, colossal earth movements worked to disgorge the waters from deep down and spread them over the earth’s surface. The rains by themselves would not have been enough.

It is difficult for us now to understand exactly the geological workings of how all this happened. However, it should be safe to say that if “the fountains of the great deep were broken up”, then earthquake activity and consequent volcanic activity, the like of which Earth had never seen before since the Creation, marked these beginning stages of the Flood.

However, this was not the end of it. In addition to the presence of sedimentary rock, fossils, and geologic formations like the Grand Canyon, there is also much geological evidence to show that, at the end of the Flood or shortly thereafter, the earth’s crust heaved and buckled together under the force of great tectonic pressures.

In order to create some land area, it lay in the domain of the Almighty to deepen the ocean basins in some places and in other places raise them above water level. This would have entailed some colossal uplifts and re-construction of the continental land masses.

Although no one was there to witness exactly what happened, the evidence of this re-Creation process is plain to see. For example, such a grand re-structuring of Earth’s surface would explain why

1)        We have today the broad expanse of the Pacific Ocean bordered by the high mountain ranges of the Andes and Rockies. Geologists always refer to these (and the Himalayas) as “young” mountain ranges. Well, they’re “young” because they were formed after the original Creation at the time of the Flood. The Pacific Ocean also has very deep trenches. It would appear that the Ocean was widened and deepened to allow more space for the Flood waters. At the same time the land surfaces were raised considerably. Scientists may have different theories about how exactly the Almighty went about re-structuring the earth at this time, but one thing is certain: we at least know why it had to be re-structured.

Pacific3The broad expanse of the Pacific Ocean laced with deep trenches and bordered by high mountain ranges

2)        Or why the top 3,000 feet of Mt. Everest is made up of sedimentary rock layers containing all kinds of marine fossils. Before and/or during the Flood, Mt. Everest was just flat surface under the ocean. But then great earth-shaking movements forced the sea bed upwards to create the very high mountain ranges in our world today, such as the Himalayan Mountains… and Mt. Everest.

(L) Mount Everest (R) Fossilized Clams Found High Up in the Andes Mountains, Peru. Note that they are closed, something that usually happens because of sudden death and burial; in normal circumstances, clams open up when they die.

3)        All kinds of folded rock formations and mountains exist in the earth, bearing witness to the great tectonic forces that rocked the earth in those early days when the sediments left by the Flood had not yet cemented into solid rock.

Folded Rock Formation in King Oscar Fjord, eastern Greenland

Rock formations, such as those pictured above and below, were formed at the end of the Flood, or shortly afterwards, while the rocks were still soft and pliable and capable of forming into a wave-like pattern without shattering. (Such formations bear silent but powerful testimony to the re-formation of the earth’s land surface after the Great Flood.)

Zagros Mountains, Western Iran

 One could imagine that the ground was just soft mud when this “wave” formation happened under the stress of enormous earthquake and tectonic pressures. Notice those green things: those are trees – just to give a sense of perspective as to how huge this formation is and how great were the earthquake forces operating at that time.

Heaven’s Peak, Montana, USA – Heaven’s Peak, Montana, USA.  It looks like the ground shot straight up because of some mighty movement in the earth’s crust, and then fell back on itself, creating this odd formation known as a “gravity fold from uplift”.

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The Book of Psalms contains an interesting passage suggesting that God was hard at work, re-shaping the Earth at this time:

“You clothed the earth with floods of waters covering up the mountains. You spoke, and at the sound of Your shout the water collected into its vast ocean beds, and mountains rose and valleys sank to the levels you decreed. And then You set a boundary for the seas so that they would never again cover the earth.” (Psalm 104:6-9, The Living Bible)

Or in another translation, “You covered it with the deep as with a garment; the waters were standing above the mountains. At Your rebuke they fled, at the sound of Your thunder they hurried away. The mountains rose; the valleys sank down to the place which You established for them. You set a boundary that they may not pass over, so that they will not return to cover the earth.” (Psalm 104:6-9, New American Standard – Updated)

And so it was that the Flood cataclysm, besides covering the earth with water, included also this grand re-structuring of Earth’s surface: great land masses sank to form deeper ocean basins while in other regions the ocean floor beneath the Flood waters rose to form new plateaus and mountain ranges.

Earth’s landscape changed completely compared to what it looked like before the Flood. Even the climate underwent a big change. (For information on that subject, see here in post 3A and post 3D in the Retrieving Our Lost Heritage series.)

This incredible re-structuring of the environment is well explained in a groundbreaking investigation by scientists Morris and Whitcomb. In their book The Genesis Flood there is a revealing passage about the formation of the Grand Canyon:

“This region occupies some 250,000 square miles, including most of Utah and Arizona, with large segments of Colorado and New Mexico. The Grand Canyon and many other spectacular canyons have been excavated through thousands of feet of these flat-lying sedimentary rocks.

“The remarkable thing is that this entire region has somehow been uplifted from far below sea level, since most of its sediments are of marine origin, to over a mile above sea level, without disturbing the horizontality of the strata or summit levels! …

The stratified rock layers in the Grand Canyon are quite clean and clear-cut. The borders between the layers show no signs of erosion (plants growing, water erosion marks) which one would expect to see if they were being formed over long periods of time. The same can be said for most sedimentary rock formations in the earth. They were not laid down by gradual processes but rather, were formed rapidly during the time of the Great Flood

“[The Tibetan Plateau], an area of 750,000 square miles has been uplifted from approximately sea level to a mean elevation of roughly three miles, and the Himalayan mountain chain bordering this region has floated upward some five miles, and rather late in geologic time…”

“Although the various theories, all highly speculative and none as yet generally accepted, have been devised in an attempt to account for these phenomena, we merely point out that uniformist [gradual, evolutionary] concepts have apparently proved incapable of providing a satisfactory solution. It seems much more likely that the sediments all were deposited more or less rapidly and continuously, followed by a single great regional uplift. Subsequent rapid canyon downcutting then ensued, while the sediments were still relatively soft and the rivers were carrying much larger discharges.

“Spectacular exposures of flat-lying sedimentary rocks such as in the Grand Canyon provide ample visible evidence of Deluge deposition. In this area, there are thousands of square miles of horizontal strata, thousands of feet thick, supposed to have been deposited over about half a billion years! The strata include limestones, shales, and sandstones. According to uniformist concepts, numerous changes of environment, with great regional subsidences [sinkings] and uplifts, must have been involved, but this would appear quite impossible. The strata simply could not have remained so nearly uniform and horizontal over such great areas and great periods of time, while undergoing such repeated epeirogenic [continent-building] movements. By far the most reasonable way of accounting for them is in terms of relatively rapid deposition out of the sediment-laden water of the Flood. Following the Flood, while the rocks were still comparatively soft and unconsolidated, the great canyons were rapidly scoured out as the waters rushed down from the newly-uplifted peneplains to the newly-enlarged ocean basins.”

(Quoted from The Genesis Flood, pgs 151-152 by Whitcomb and Morris)

The above passage stated, “This entire region has somehow been uplifted from far below sea level.” That inexplicable, unseen force that caused this colossal uplift could only have been the hand of the Almighty. He was the One who set in motion the forces that caused this grand reconstruction of Earth’s surface.

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And What About Cultural Evidence?

Nowadays this well known account from the Genesis Book about the Flood has been relegated into the realm of fable. The strange thing, however, is that there are several versions of this ancient legend existing in the sacred histories of cultures around the world. And they all tell the same story of a Great Flood and a large boat that held the land animals and a small group of human beings:

  • The Matsya Purana and Mahabharata from India

“The time for the purging of this world is now ripe.
Therefore do I now explain what is good for thee! … Thou shall build a strong massive ark … On that must thou ascend, O great Muni, with the seven Rishis and take with thee all the different seeds … and carefully must thou preserve them therein.”
(Mahabharata III.clxxxvi)

  • Various Suras in the Quran

It was revealed to Noah:
“… construct an Ark
Under Our eyes and Our
Inspiration …”
At length, behold!
… the fountains of the earth
Gushed forth! We said:
“Embark therein, of each kind
Two, male and female,
And your family…”
So the Ark sailed
With them on the waves
(Towering) like the mountains…

(Sura 11: 36,37,40,42)

  • The Gilgamesh Epic from ancient Babylon
  • Legends belonging to the Aztec and Toltec Indians of Mexico
  • The Genesis Book in the Bible

“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened… The waters increased and lifted up the ark, and it rose high above the earth… And the waters prevailed exceedingly on the earth, and all the high hills under the whole heaven were covered.” (Book of Genesis 7:11, 17, 19)

  • And many others (There are at least 270 known Flood legends still existing in the world, and some claim there are up to 500!)

Evidently, in the minds of Earth’s inhabitants long ago, the legend of the Flood was anything but a fictitious fable; it was common knowledge then, still fresh in their minds in the years after the Flood. As the tribes of man began to migrate into different corners of the world, they brought with them this shared knowledge of their historical origins, a knowledge which still exists in the sacred heritage of many ancient societies in our world today.

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In Conclusion:

Granted, it is a lot to take in. But, going by both the evidence of science and the evidence of culture (human society’s own records and sacred history), it makes every bit of sense to conclude that a great Flood once inundated the earth. What an awesome realization, to understand that the Creator brought about this grand re-structuring of Earth’s surface. This great cataclysm re-shaped our environment; it set the stage for and became the starting point to our present Age of history.

And even more astounding is the realization that something like this could happen again. The same Book that contains Noah’s own log – the historical record of the Great Flood – contains also a great number of prophetic messages, with specific detail, about the cataclysmic future End of the Age.

It is impossible almost to grasp the full magnitude of what is going to happen. However, this website will endeavour to make the prophetic messages as clear as possible and see how they apply directly to the modern historical situation. And the obvious conclusion: if those messages are starting to see fulfilment now, then we can understand that the End of the Age cannot be that far away.

For anyone who wants to believe, for those who are not biased, there is plenty of evidence to support the realization that the End of the Age can’t be that far away. And of course, if a person doesn’t want to believe, some loophole can always be found to rationalize it. Skepticism in the truths of God has abounded in every age, but seems to have reached extraordinary heights in this Modern Age.

Long ago the apostle Peter had some profound insight and foresight about this misinformed mentality that has shaped mankind’s modern day skepticism: “There shall come in the last days scoffers… saying, ‘Where is the promise of His coming?… all things continue as they were…’ For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished.” (2Peter 3:4-6, KJV)

It is one thing to understand that the natural world came into existence by God’s handiwork. But Peter lays some additional emphasis on the fact that the earth was destroyed and re-created at the time of the Great Flood. The scientific evidence for this is overwhelming, as noted above. (See the Posts in Part2 and Part 3 of the Retrieving Our Lost Heritage series.) (As noted before, this account of the Flood cataclysm exists also in the Mahabharata (III.clxxxvi) and the Quran (Sura 11: 36,37,40,42), and in at least 270 accounts in the legendary history of ancient cultures throughout the Earth.)

But scientists refuse to see it – they are “willingly ignorant” as Peter puts it – because they refuse to accept any supernatural explanation, to acknowledge the Creator’s role in the formation of the natural world. Everything has to have a physical, material explanation.

Once it is understood that the Biblical accounts of Creation and the Great Flood are not matters of faith or “religion” only, but also matters of science, then that sheds a whole new light on things. We are confronted with the awesome possibility that God’s created world could very well undergo a colossal re-structuring – as predicted in many passages of Scripture.

Is it time for the Creator’s intervention once more into Earth’s geological history? And are we on the threshold of a new Age in human history, one where benevolent government will prevail? For, as Revelation 20:4 and 6 state, the saints “came to life” and “they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with Him for a thousand years.”

But to believe that this could actually happen, it helps to know that something similar already happened in Earth’s history. In the days before the Flood, the situation was getting out of control: “the wickedness of man was great in the earth… every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually… the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and… filled with violence.” (Genesis 6:5,11) So the time had come to start over again in a new and re-created post-Flood Earth.

In the modern world, it looks as though the situation is once more getting out of control: we have the technological capacity to destroy the natural world through nuclear weapons. Add to this the vast amount of pollution going on in land, sea, and air; mis-management and destruction of earth’s natural resources; unfair distribution of wealth; wars of all kinds; and the list goes on. Surely, we are on the threshold of another intervention by the Creator into human history… and geological history. It is time to start over again.

For any truth-seeker, there is a great desire to find out what the ancient prophetic messages in the Bible have to say about our Modern Era. And the Posts on this website are dedicated to this task – of outlining, as accurately as possible, what those messages about the future were meant to tell us. May you, the reader, find here then some helpful inspiration and understanding about God’s plans for the near and more distant future of our world.

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