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3-A. Physical and Spiritual Geography in Daniel 2
3-B. Modern Day Cultures of Darkness
3-C. How “Iron” Continues in Today’s World: Domain of the Antichrist
3-D. “Clay” Power in Ancient Times
3-E. Rise of “Clay” Power in the Modern Age
3-F. “Clay” in the 20th Century  

3-E. Rise of “Clay” Power in the Modern Age

So where did this modern version of a “clay” empire actually start? We might figure that the groundwork for it was laid all the way back in the Middle Ages. In the Feudalistic society of that era, a new class of people began to emerge, whose power and influence paralleled that of the upcoming political-military strongholds that were rising to power in Europe at the same time. These were the merchants who had been struggling to free themselves from the restrictions of feudalism.

Later on, the same forces of republicanism that would strengthen the role of the army also set the commercial interests free to ascend to greater power. Merchants no longer had to contend against a powerful monarch, always the traditional rival in their quest to acquire riches and resources. So, along with the “iron”, the “clay” part of the image was also manifesting itself at the dawn of the Modern Age. And it wasn’t long before the commercial forces grew strong enough to begin coercing the political-military strongholds of Europe to follow their wishes to a large extent.

Here are a couple of examples of what the commercial interests were able to do in Europe during the onset of the Modern Age:

◊       “In 1536, King John III of Portugal introduced the Inquisition to his country. The Portuguese Inquisition especially persecuted the Jews in Portugal, many of whom were involved in Portuguese commerce. As the Jews fled the kingdom, the nation’s banking and commercial power departed with them.” (World History and Cultures, Pg. 261 – by A Beka) [Portugal soon declined as a major empire, and the nations to which these Jewish merchants fled, Holland and Britain, grew prosperous instead.]

◊       [The Rothschild family built a huge banking empire in the 19th Century, which enabled them to greatly influence the policies of those European nations who were indebted to them:] “By a system of co-operation and joint counsels, aided by the skillful employment of subordinate agents, they (Rothschild brothers) obtained unexampled opportunities of acquiring an accurate knowledge of the condition of the financial market, and practically embraced the whole of Europe, within their financial network… [Nathan Rothschild] became the financial agent of nearly every civilized government.. his operations extended to every quarter of the globe.” (Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 23, pg. 758, 1910-1911)

After about A.D. 1500 European nations began to expand into vast colonial empires, and this provided the merchant class with a golden opportunity to gather great storehouses of wealth. And as their wealth increased, so did their influence over the ruling houses of Europe.

The rise of this parallel but largely invisible “empire” seems to have emerged during the 18th century in Europe, with the main center in England. Downtown London became known as the “Crown” or “The City” or “Fleet Street” – a sort of nerve center wherein were located a number of banking houses, Lloyd’s of London, the London Stock Exchange, and offices of the leading international trading concerns. The same kind of business districts were established in other European cities as well. Following is a helpful quote on the subject:

◊    From the time of William the Conqueror [1066] until the middle of the 17th Century the British monarchs ruled supreme – their word was law. They truly were sovereign in every sense of the word.
       As British strength and influence grew around the world, toward the end of the 1600’s the wealth, strength, and influence of the elite merchants in the City also grew – only at a faster rate…
        It was at this juncture (1815) that the House of Rothschild seized control of the British economy, the Bank of England, and the City – and, through their other branches, control of the other European nations. [1815 – Battle of Waterloo]
        To avoid misunderstanding, it is important that the reader recognize the fact that two separate empires were operating under the guise of the British Empire. One was the Crown Empire and the other was the British Empire.
        …‘The City’ is not part of England. It is not subject to the Sovereign. It is not under the rule of the British Parliament. Like the Vatican in Rome, it is a separate, independent state. It is the Vatican of the commercial world.
       (from Descent into Slavery by Des Griffin, pgs. 43-45, 42)

This division of power in the world that began around the 18th and 19th centuries has continued into our modern day and was expressed long ago in the symbolism of the “image” in Daniel 2 with its two “feet” of “iron and clay” and in the symbolism of the two “beasts” in Revelation 13.

A major turning point that led towards this division of power came with the French Revolution in 1789. Having enlarged their fortunes in the Colonial era through overseas trading and devious financial schemes, the moneylenders of Europe grew powerful enough to effect a great change in the world – engineering the collapse of Europe’s Christian monarchies and establishing republican governments in their place.

The French Revolution was the great catalyst that the growing merchant class needed to increase their influence against the established aristocracy. Of course, there was need for a change; the historical situation was ripe for and demanding a more fair distribution of wealth and power. Unfortunately though, the new power brokers in France were unscrupulous in their methods of bringing this about; they preferred to distance themselves from the Almighty, and this seemed to go hand in hand with their use of unrestricted violence rather than less drastic means of achieving their ends.

Influencing the course of events from behind the scenes at this time was Europe’s most powerful banker, Meyer Rothschild, who got together with Adam Weishaupt, a member of the Masonic order and founder of the Illuminati secret society. Through their manipulation of the masses and of the springs of power available to them, they were able to fan the flames of the French Revolution and depose their main rival for power, the French king and his heirs and the aristocracy. Later on Napoleon came along and enforced the establishment of the same republican system in other European nations.

Although the brains behind this whole operation was Adam Weishaupt, he was more or less “hired” by his patron Meyer Rothschild. And so it has continued in the Modern Age. Although some of the wise men and think-tank societies whom governments rely on do provide helpful insight and guidance, these organizations tend to prefer the interests of the ultra-rich who are the ones who usually establish and fund most of those organizations. Besides overthrowing governments, as happened in the French Revolution, these organizations can also monitor and steer governments into the direction favored by those who hold the financial strings of power.

Similar to what goes on nowadays in the halls of government, the False Prophet Beast, when he comes along, will have access to and influence over the great military-political ruler of the End Time, the Antichrist, through his spiritual expertise and wisdom and economic strength. This is nothing more than a continuation of what rulers have always done – surround themselves with various “wise men, astrologers, magicians, soothsayers, sorcerers” as they were known in the past. (Daniel 2:27, Acts 12:6-8).

Nowadays, different names might be used – “think tank” researchers or “secret society” members or the same term of “astrologers”. The difference now, though, is that these groups of regal advisers are more closely linked to the ultra-rich dynasties of the mega-merchants; as a result the commercial forces have more control over modern governments than was available to them in times past. Thus we can see that during the days of the False Prophet, he will not just be a ”head”, but lurking behind him there will be this powerful “beast from the earth”, a great financial empire that can hold his “head” firmly in place.

There are a multitude of conspiracy theories surrounding the rather secretive activities of this powerful group of ultra-rich elite. Although many such theories tend to over-speculate, there is enough documented evidence to show convincingly that much dirty-dealing goes on behind the scenes.

It should be remembered, of course, that amongst the ultra-rich many are sincerely working to bring positive change into the world, and it may only be a few who are actually committed to the de-stabilizing and corruption of society with the goal of bringing the world under their subjection. Of these the Revelation Book has this to say: “For your merchants were the great men of the earth, for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived.” (18:23) This statement comes at the end of a lengthy passage about the “great harlot… with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication… having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication.” (17:2,4)

All this symbolic language provides a vivid portrayal of what modern society has become because of the corruption brought into it through the influence of modern Materialism and the “merchants” who, as the passage says, are deceiving the nations through their sorceries (their usage of the powers of Darkness).

Getting back to our history: the collapse of the European monarchies seems to have had a twofold result. Without a strong central authority (a king), this opened the door for the military to come to the fore in some countries (like France under Napoleon, and later on, Weimar Germany under Hitler, or the Communist nations). Secondly, this revival of ancient Roman republicanism also cleared the way for the power of money (capitalism) to ascend. 

◊      This twofold division of power that has appeared in the modern world ties in with that interesting passage in the 6th chapter of the Revelation Book about the “red horse” and “black horse”, symbolic of the spiritual forces of Militarism and Materialism. (Revelation 6:3-6) These two Horses seem to operate in the earthly plane. (Whereas the other two White and Pale Horses seem to operate in the spiritual plane.) In our earthly realm there does appear to be this twofold division of power in government that manifests as the political-military leaders in one corner and the merchants of materialism in the other.

As dreadfully corrupt as some of the old monarchies became sometimes, they did, if nothing else, hold back the power of the Dark Forces of money and militarism. It was difficult for these forces to make their way around the obstacle of a powerful monarch whose authority among his subjects remained unquestioned. The king, who has cornered the market on his people’s loyalty, was able to rule securely on that foundation.

And so it was that at the dawn of the Modern Age, the fomenters of republican movements like the French Revolution or the Communist Revolution worked to stir up discontent among the people. It was not that they cared so much about the “people”. Unlike their many youthful and idealistic followers, these new powerbrokers, more often than not, were just using the “people” to overthrow their kings and tyrants and so gain control and become the new tyrants.

In the European monarchies, it was understood that God was the supreme authority, and the king was God’s representative. This effectively closed the door against worship of the king and kept the door slightly ajar for the entrance of some bit of godly restraint against the secular forces of Militarism and Materialism (or the Red Horse and the Black Horse). But in many republics there is no, or very little, acknowledgment of God’s authority. God is dispensed with, and thus His place in the minds of the people can be usurped easily by a demagogue. Or in the absence of that, the people become distracted into the blind pursuit of material satisfaction – the modern form of Mammon worship.

And so, because of these various restraining factors, the Christian monarchies of old, however bad they may have been sometimes, seldom sank to the depths of depravity that modern republicanism has led mankind into – the genocidal persecutions of Communism, the ravages of Hitler Germany, the decadence and greed of the conglomerates and their mismanagement of earth’s resources.

Probably God would like to give more freedom to mankind in the form of republican society and government. But freedom must be accompanied by responsibility, and true responsibility can only be nourished by faith in and reverence for God. The French writer, Alexis de Tocqueville, expounded on this when visiting America in the early 19th Century:

◊ “Depotism may govern without faith, but liberty cannot. Religion is much more necessary in the republic which they set forth in glowing colors than in the monarchy which they attack; it is more needed in democratic republics than in any others. How is it possible that society should escape destruction if the moral tie is not strengthened in proportion as the political tie is relaxed? And what can be done with a people who are their own masters if they are not submissive to the Deity?”

Our democratic society, with its insistence on freedom and individual rights (“the political tie relaxed”), has become the ideal that the world is striving for. And it is good in principle, but it seems mankind cannot be trusted with it for very long. In time, as godly values slip into the background, the once noble aspirations of freedom transform into ignoble license to pursue selfish instincts.

Eventually, such freedom without godly restraint can lead to havoc. This happened on a rapid scale during the French and communist revolutions; God’s role in the new societies was greatly diminished, and this had much to do with the unconscionable bloodbaths of those periods of history.

A nation can slip into the same state at a slow pace as well. Sad to say, the American nation, which was once the bastion of freedom and epitome of a Christian, republican society, has devolved into what this perceptive gentleman, Alexis de Tocqueville, warned against long ago: “what can be done with a people who are their own masters if they are not submissive to the Deity?”

As a democratic society, the American nation has clamored loudly to other nations about freedom from the oppression of tyranny but ignores the fact that her own people have gotten swept up into the vortex of materialism. Her prosperity has come at the expense, even destruction, of poorer nations in the world. The nation that once aspired to freedom from the tyranny of colonial Europe is steadily transforming herself into the very tyrant from which she once sought to escape.

America once enjoyed a great deal of respect in the era following World War 2, and later, the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent times, however, America’s unwise economic policies have caused worldwide economic turmoil in the 2007-09 Recession. Add to this a blundering foreign policy and wartime failures in Viet Nam, Iraq, and Libya. Not surprisingly, America’s prestige on the world stage has diminished somewhat. In the meantime some nations (like China and other Third World countries) have acquired considerable wealth and power. Russia too is undergoing a resurgence since her collapse after the break-up of the Soviet Union in the 1990s.

How America reacts to this changing world situation may have a great bearing on the course of her future history: will she live up to her great Christian heritage and humbly accept a diminished role for herself on the world stage? Or will she, out of pride and greed, insist on military action to maintain her dominance? If she chooses the latter, if she continues to lash out militarily against her perceived enemies, then it will be a disastrous course of action, both for her and the rest of the world. (For more information see news article in Appendix.)

Getting back to our history, the European nations, once they had emerged from the Dark Ages, began expanding and built vast commercial empires, exploiting and plundering the wealth of distant, newly discovered territories. This exploration, followed later by great advances in scientific knowledge, unlocked the Earth’s natural resources to a degree unheard of in times past. And the dividends from all this new-found wealth have, over the years, found their way into the coffers of the ultra-rich.

Colonial Empires: 1914

For example, in the New World the Astor family managed to dominate the North American fur trade industry. They garnered huge profits at a time when fur clothing had become the fashionable trend in Europe. Meanwhile, in the East, the Rothschild family gained enormous wealth as they ruled and systematically plundered India and surrounding territories through the East India Trading Company. The Revelation Book identifies these, and many other unscrupulous characters since then, as the leaders of the “great harlot”, the great commercial system of the Modern Age: “your merchants were the great men of the earth, for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived.” (18:23)

In ancient times colonial expansion was more of a government enterprise. For example, Rome’s armies were the ones who explored and exploited the territories of the empire. And the wealth gained thereby went straight into the coffers of the government. But the Colonial Era was different in that much of the wealth got diverted into the hands of the mega-businessmen of that era.

For example, in 18th century England it was decided that the colonies of dark-skinned peoples would come under the control of the merchant groups while the colonies of white-skinned peoples (Canada, America, Australia) would come under the control of the British government. Accordingly, a nation like India was administered for almost 100 years by the East India Trading Company, not the British government. Probably the merchants got the better of that deal and fished a lot more booty from their share of the world, since they were able to dominate much longer in those nations that were not heavily colonized by Europeans.

Besides their overseas ventures, these powerful “merchants” were also adept in the art of wheeling and dealing for influence in the courts of Europe – mainly through their money-lending tactics. Through their scheming, they were able to overthrow or paralyze the monarchies of Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries. And thus, the dominion of the “clay” (or the “earth-beast”) began its rise to supremacy, especially after the French Revolution.

And so it was that the seeds of an iron-mixed-with-clay type of society were sown as far back as the Middle Ages. And since the dawn of the Modern Age around A.D. 1500, the seeds have sprouted and grown until now almost every nation in the world has some variation of this iron-and-clay system of rule within its borders. Thus was laid the groundwork for the historical era of the “feet” empire. Presumably, that era hasn’t started yet. Or if it has, it won’t reach its peak until the nation of Israel gets conquered by the new, upcoming superpower of the End Time.

Continue to 3F: Clay in the 20th Century



Rehearsing for World War III
By Justin Raimondo,, June 7, 2016

As I write this, US troops are building a bridge across Poland’s Vistula river, and conducting a nighttime helicopter assault to secure the eastern part of the country against a Russian assault.

Has World War III started? Well, not quite yet, although it’s not for want of trying.

This is Operation “Anakonda 16.” Thirty-one thousand troops, 14,000 of them American, are conducting war games designed to secure an Allied victory in World War III. The exercises involve “100 aircraft, 12 vessels and 3,000 vehicles,” and precede the upcoming NATO summit, which is expected to approve the stationing of yet more troops–mostly Americans–in eastern Europe.

NATO claims this is all strictly “defensive” in nature, designed to deter Russian “aggression”–but who is the real aggressor?

It is the Western powers who, ever since the fall of the USSR, have pushed eastward relentlessly, expanding the “defensive” NATO alliance to include such useless nonentities as Albania and Montenegro, and even extending “associate” status to distant Georgia. Their policy has been to eliminate the buffer between NATO and Russia, absorbing previously neutral Ukraine into the Western orbit by means of a coup d’etat, and launching a propaganda war that targets Russian President Vladimir Putin as the second coming of Stalin.

The Russian reaction has been to reverse Nikita Khrushchev’s 1954 decision to hand Crimea to Ukraine, pull out of a treaty limiting the number of troops in Europe, launch a military build up on their borders, and upgrade their nuclear arsenal to parallel a similar effort by the US.

With the collapse of international communism, the need for NATO was obviated, and yet–like any and all government programs–it not only persisted, it expanded. Complementing the idea of “Greater Europe” and the creation of the European Union, the NATO-crats enlarged the original “defensive” vision that was supposedly the rationale for the alliance and embarked on an ambitious program that involved the creation of a permanent military architecture which inevitably sought to absorb real estate in the east. Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the Baltic states–all eventually joined NATO’s ranks as Moscow looked on in alarm. As the “war on terrorism” commenced, NATO became the instrument of Western military operations in the Middle East, sending its tentacles into the former Soviet republics of Central Asia and insinuating itself into the Caucasus region.

From a cold war policy of containment, US/NATO has since moved into regime change mode: the idea is to encircle Russia militarily, while using “soft power” to undermine pro-Russian regimes in Russia’s periphery and eventually achieve regime change in Russia itself. The Ukrainian operation was an example of the “soft power” approach: utilizing Western-funded “civil society” groups, they succeeded in evicting the democratically elected government from office and installing one handpicked in Washington. With the imposition of sanctions, and the continued encirclement of Russia, the idea is to squeeze the Russian bear until he either gives up or collapses. Which is why “Anakonda”–an iteration of the giant snake that crushes its victims to death and then devours them–is truly an evocative name.

As is usual with the regime-changers in Washington, they approach their task with little or no understanding of their intended victim. In Iraq and Afghanistan, they thought they could destroy the regime, and then create a Middle Eastern version of Kansas. It didn’t work out that way–but our political class is incapable of learning the lessons of experience.

In the case of Russia, they believe that a Russian collapse would have to mean the ascension to power of a figure much like the late Boris Yeltsin, who was too drunk to resist the incursions of Western power most of the time, and went along with the marginalization of his country without too many protests. However, the memory of the Yeltsin era is abhorred by the Russian people, who saw their country plundered by the oligarchs, and their standard of living fall into a veritable abyss, while Russia was pushed around on the international stage like a freshman pledge on fraternity row.

What the NATO-crats want is a “pro-Western” figurehead in power in Russia, but what they don’t get is that Putin is as pro-Western as they come in the current political milieu. His main opponent in the election that brought him to power was the virulently anti-Western Communist Party, which he handily defeated, with the even more anti-Western Russian nationalists coming in third.

Initially, Putin sought to include Russia in “Greater Europe,” and he proposed an agreement with NATO to ensure that Europe would be a “common space.” Yet his initiatives to create an inclusive Europe were met with implacable hostility by the Western powers, who rejected the idea that Russia would be treated as an equal and insisted on the primacy of NATO and the EU. This set up the present standoff.

If and when the West succeeds in collapsing the Russian economy and taking down Putin, it won’t be a Yeltsin-like figure who will inherit the ruins. What comes after Putin, in this context, is something much worse. And in that case, the prospect of war will loom large on the horizon.

If Hillary Clinton gets into the White House, you can be sure the tensions with Russia will reach fever pitch. She has compared Putin to Hitler–always the signal that we are about to embark on yet another crusade–and her neoconservative supporters are eager to restart the cold war. The great danger is that a cold war may very well become a hot one–and that raises the specter that we lived with for half a century, the very real possibility of a nuclear war.

To compare Putin to Stalin, or Hitler, is absurd: Russia has come a long way since the days of the Gulag, when 60 million people were killed and imprisoned. If we want to push Russia back into the darkness, then the policy we are presently pursuing is the way to go: if, however, we want peace, then it’s high time to disband NATO–which is outdated and expensive–give up our dreams of regime change in Russia, and start cooperating with Moscow in solving our mutual problems.


Continue to 3F: Clay in the 20th Century

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